The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) can be defined as a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10th December 1948 at Paris. This declaration was a result of the experiences of Second World War. It consists of 30 articles. The principal drafter of the declaration was John Peters Humphrey who was the director o Division of Human Rights within the United Nations Secretariat. The second drat of the declaration was prepared by René Cassin. Articles 1 and 2 are the foundation blocks, which contain principles of dignity, liberty, equality and brotherhood. The seven paragraphs of the preamble, gives the reasons for the Declaration and represent the steps.
A Summary Of The Preamble
The United Nations General Assembly recognizes that the natural dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. Human rights should be protected by the rule of law and friendly relations between nations must be encouraged. The members of the UN have affirmed their faith in human rights, the dignity and the worth of the human person, the equal rights of men and women and are determined to promote social progress, better standards of life and larger freedom and have promised to promote human rights and a common understanding of these rights.
The important points in Declaration
1. We Are All Born Free & Equal.
2. Don’t Discriminate.
3. The Right to Life.
4. No Slavery.
5. No Torture.
6. You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go.
7. We’re All Equal before the Law.
8. Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law.
9. No Unfair Detainment.
10. The Right to Trial.
11. We’re always innocent till Proven Guilty.
12. The Right to Privacy.
13. Freedom to Move.
14. The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live.
15. Right to a Nationality.
16. Marriage and Family.
17. The Right to Your Own Things.
18. Freedom of Thought.
19. Freedom of Expression.
20. The Right to Public Assembly.
21. The Right to Democracy.
22. Social Security.
23. Workers’ Rights.
24. The Right to Play.
25. Food and Shelter for All.
26. The Right to Education.
28. A Fair and Free World.
30. No One Can Take Away Your Human Rights.
Importance of Universal Declaration Of Human Rights
The Universal Declaration is not considered as a treaty hence it does not directly create any legal obligations for the member countries. It is a declaration of the fundamental values that are shared by all members of the community. This declaration has a profound influence on the development of international human rights law. The Universal Declaration has paved way for a wide range of other international agreements which are legally binding for the countries that approve them. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) are some of such agreements.
The Universal Declaration of human rights covers the civil and political rights which include the right to life, liberty, free speech and privacy. The declaration also includes economic, social and cultural rights such as the right to social security, health and education. Every person in this world has inherent dignity and value. Universal Declaration of Human rights help us to recognize and respect these dignity and values in ourselves and in each other. With the help of these declaration people were able to protect their rights when the rights were denied to them. You can make complaints about the violation of human rights through the human rights commission.